Other Online MLA Guides
MLA Style Manual
What is MLA?
MLA is the preferred citation style for English. Proper citations are required in all of your writing. Not only do they prove that you've done your research and haven't plagiarized, but they also provide a road map to further reading for those interested in your topic. If you need help with MLA, please ask a librarian.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used in the liberal arts and humanities.
Book (1 Author)
Eagleton, Terry. After Theory. New York: Basic Books, 2003. Print.
Book (2 Authors)
Levitt, Steven D., and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the
Hidden Side of Everything. New York: William Morrow, 2005. Print.
*For a book with 3 authors, list the author names in the following manner:
Smith, Jane T., Greg A. Jones, and Michael T. Thompson.
*For a book with MORE THAN 3 authors, name only the first author and use the following format:
Smith, Jane T., et al.
Agapitos, Panagiotis A. "Literary Criticism." The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies.
Ed. Elizabeth Jeffries. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. 77-85. Print.
Book Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword
Wilkins, Cary. Introduction. Favorite Poems of Emily Dickinson. Ed. Mabel Loomis Todd
and T. W. Higginson. New Work: Avenel Books, 1980. 3-6. Print.
Scholarly Journal Article (Print)
Moudry, Nick. "Accessibility and the New York School: New Work on Frank O'Hara
and John Ashbery." Journal of Modern Literature 31.1 (2007): 161-167. Print.
Scholarly Journal Article (Retrieved from an Online Database)
Hoskin, Bree. "Playground Love: Landscape and Longing in Sofia Coppola's
The Virgin Suicides." Literature Film Quarterly 35.3 (2007): 214-221.
MLA International Bibliography. Web. 16. Nov. 2009.
Popular Magazine Article
Sagal Peter. "Feel the Squeeze: Sizing Up the Benefits of Compression Socks."
Runner's World. Apr. 2009: 56. Print.
*For a magazine published weekly or every other week indicate the date and page
numbers as follows:
30 Oct. 2009: 56-57.
Government Publication (Print)
United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. Expanding ESL, Civis,
and Citizenship Education in Your Community: A Start-Up Guide. Washington, D.C.:
United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, 2009. Print.
Government Publication (Hearing)
United States. Cong. House. Committee on Education and the Workforce. Field Hearing
on Education at a Crossroads. 105th Cong. 1st sess. Washington: GPO, 1997. Print.
Government Publication (Online)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration. "Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for
an Influenza Pandemic." U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health
Administration. OSHA, 2007. Web. 18 Nov. 2009.
*Note: OSHA is a division of the US Dept. of Labor. This publication was created by
Gregg, Linda. "The Art of Finding." Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, 2006: n.pag.
Web. 17 Nov. 2009.
*Note: The phrase "n.pag." is used because this article lacks page numbers. If page
numbers are present you must list them.
Work in an Anthology (Essay, short story, poem, etc.)
Wordsworth, William. "Mutability." The Norton Anthology of English Literature.
Ed. M.H. Abrams. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1962. 1006. Print.
Anthology (In its entirety)
Abrahms, M.H., ed. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. New York: W.W. Norton
and Company, 1962. Print.
Newspaper Article (Online)
Sayare, Scott. "‘Mademoiselle’ Exits Official France." New York Times.
New York Times, 22 Feb. 2012. Web. 21 Mar. 2012.
"The Scientists Speak." Editorial. New York Times. New York Times, 20 Nov. 2007. Web.
15 May 2008.