The ACS Style Guide
Give credit to the work of others.
Add authority and credibility to your claims.
Be honest about the extent of your original contribution.
Important Things about Citations
Journal titles are usually capitilized sentence-style
Book titles are usually capitalized book-title style
Journal names are always abbreviated
Authors are generally identified by last name and first initials
Pay attention to punctuation placement - periods, commas, semi-colons
Pay attention to italics and bolding
Reference lists usually have the second line of entry indented, though this can vary with publication
URLs can be cumbersome, it is not necessary to indent the second line of these entries
Article titles are often omitted from reference list entries - this varies by publication
The ACS Style Guide is an excellent resource - use it!
Where do citations go in a paper?
Citations are made in the body of the text (parenthetical citation) and grouped together at the end of a work (reference list).
The reaction was carried out using a standard Lever apparatus 5 with modifcations as described by Grunkemeyer et al. 6-7
Numerical reference citations are numbered consecutively from the beginning of a paper. When, occasionally, a reference is repeated in the text, the original number is used, a new number is not given.
Use last names to identify authors in parenthetical citations. If a work has two authors, use both last names linked together with the word "and".
If a referenced work has more than two authors, use only the first author followed by the phrase "et al.:
Fike and Lance 12 determined that....
Vogt et al. 24 found ....
Sometimes the same first author publishes different papers on similar topics with different co-authors. To reference multiple works by the same principle author use a phrase such as "and colleagues" or "and co-workers".
Brugh and co-workers 17, 23-25 established ....
A References List is given at the conclusion of a work. This list contains only the sources actually referenced or cited in the work. If a source is consulted but not used or cited in a work, it is not listed in the References Cited section.
Author 1; Author 2; Author 3. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation Year, Volume, Inclusive Pagination.
Ehara, Y.; Sakamot, K.; Marumo, Y. A method for forensic identificatin of
vegetable oil stains: Rapid analysis of carboxylic acids with methyl
esterfication using purge-and trap gas chromotography/mass spectrometry.
J. Foren. Sci. 2001, 46, 1462-1469.
Author 1; Author 2; etc. Book Title; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Inclusive Pagination.
Dodd, J.S. The ACS Style Guide, 2nd. ed.; ACS: Washington, D.C., 1997, 173-229.
Author 1; Author 2; etc. Chapter Title. In Book Title; Editor 1,
Editor 2, etc., Eds.; Series Information (if any);Publisher: Place
of Publication, Year; Inclusive Pagination.
Adams, M.R; Garton, A., Eds; Far-Ultraviolet Degredation of Selected
Polymers. In Polymer Durability: Degredation, Stabilizatioon,
and Lifetime Prediction; Clough, R.L., Billingham, N.C.,
Gillen, K.T., Rds.; Advances in Chemistry Series 249;
ACS: Washington, DC. 1996, 139-158.
Peoples, D.C. Resources for Chemistry 360 Instrumental Analysis.
http://library.owu.edu/science/c360main.html (September 2, 2002).